ITA International TEFL Academy, Online Class 4/9/2018
Chapter 5 – Outline for the week:
My students are Bhutanese adults in a first year beginning English class, with three classes per week. This week I plan to introduce the past simple tense. The context will be a wedding in Bhutan. My objective is for the students to be conversant in past simple by the end of the week, and to use it with the vocabulary we have learned so far in the class.
In the 1st class: I will introduce the regular past simple of Subject + VERB + ed.
Simple Past Regular Verbs include: Carry, Chant, Gather, Laugh, Smile, Wait, Watch.
I will introduce these common adjectives: Beautiful, Delicious, Happy, Friendly, Old, Young.
I will show examples of past simple with nouns they already know.
In the 2nd class: I will give them a list of irregular past simple verbs, with examples. We will review this for some time. In the second class I will also present the following vocabulary words that we’ll continue using in subsequent classes.
- Irregular Past Simple Verbs: Come, Eat, Get married, Make, Meet, Sit, Speak, Wear.
- Nouns: Blessing, Ceremony, Element, Flowers, Guest, Parent, Photo, Wedding
- Adverbs: Quickly, Quietly, Slowly
This is the 3rd class. I will introduce the theme of a traditional Bhutanese wedding. I will use a PPP lesson plan with vocabulary for family members and wedding terms, using the past simple tense. I will project online words and pictures on a large screen TV provided for my class, connected as a second screen to my laptop.
PPP Lesson Plan:
Level and number of students: Beginners, 20 Bhutanese adults.
Lesson Duration: 60 minutes
Lesson Aims/Objectives: By the end of the lesson, students will be able to use 12 new items of vocabulary regarding family and weddings. Students will be able to use the past simple tense in context of a wedding in their own culture. These vocabulary and grammar items will utilize all four skills: reading, writing, speaking, and listening.
Assumptions: Students already know the Present Simple. Students know greetings, introductions, and some basic vocabulary. They know some simple prepositional phrases. They are familiar with Bhutanese weddings and names of traditional costumes.
Anticipated Problems and Possible Solutions: There are many verbs that are irregular in the past simple. My solution is to give them in the second class of the week a list of common irregular verbs, to keep as a resource and guide. I will continue to review irregular verbs on an ongoing basis.
- Warm-up questions and wedding video
- Description of of Past Simple with examples. Handout. Make 10 copies, cut in half and hand them out.
- Display on large TV screen in front of class, attached to internet on my laptop.
- Realia, bring real masks for dancers in Bhutan.
- Practice 1 handout. Make 20 copies.
- Practice 2 and 3 are a single handout. Make 20 copies.
- Production handout. Make 20 copies.
- Homework handout. Make 10 copies and cut in half.
- Instructions for substitute teacher
PPP Lesson Plan Stages:
- Warm-Up: 5 min. Brainstorming questions. Video: Traditional wedding in Bhutan
- Introduction: 5 min. Review Past Simple Tense.
- Presentation #1: 5 min. Photos with nouns.
- Presentation #2: 5 min. Photos with sentences.
- Practice #1: 5 min. Read the vocabulary.
- Practice #2: 5 min. Fill in the blank with past simple.
- Practice #3: 5 minutes. Answer questions in partners.
- Production: 15 min. Describe a wedding in partners.
- Review: 5 min.
- Homework: 5 min.
- Total Time: 60 min.
Warm-Up: 5 min.
Ask Brainstorming Questions:
Have you ever been to a wedding in Bhutan? When and where?
What happens at a Bhutanese wedding?
What are the elements of a traditional wedding?
View Video: Traditional wedding in Bhutan. Teacher reads some of the text on the video.
Introduction: 5 minutes. Past Simple in context of a wedding, with examples.
Subject + VERB + ed or irregular form. Ex: I watched the dancers. I went to a wedding.
Presentation #1: 5 minutes. Vocabulary with photos:
Let’s go to a wedding! We’ll learn these 12 words:
Bride, Groom, Mother, Father, Sister, Brother, Family, Children, Monks, Cake, Dancers, Food
Show some real dancer’s masks. Touch them and try them on, if appropriate.
Presentation #2: 5 min. Photos with sentences
Practice #1: 5 min. Reading the Vocabulary
Draw a line to match the words with the correct picture. See example. There may be more than one photo for a word.
Practice #2: 5 min. Find the past simple of these verbs. Complete the sentences.
- The mother of the groom (watch) ___________ quietly.
- The sisters (wear) ________a kira.
- The father of the bride (smile) ____________ after the blessing.
- The monks (chant) ______________ a blessing.
- The dancers (wear) _____________ masks.
- The mother of the bride (laugh) _________ and (chant) ___________ at the wedding.
- The bride (carry) ___________ flowers.
- The children (play) __________ and (wait) ___________ for cake.
- A Buddha (sit) __________ sat on the cake.
Practice #3: 5 min. Reading, Speaking, Listening
Choose a partner. Read these sentences out loud to each other one person at a time. Then answer the questions slowly one at a time while the other person listens.
At the wedding, the bride wore a kira and the groom wore a gho. The mother of the bride laughed and chanted a blessing. The father spoke to the groom, while the mother watched quietly. The children played and waited for cake. The family made delicious food. The dancers wore masks. Some of these are Yes-No questions. You’ll have 5 minutes.
- What did the family do?
- What did the dancers wear?
- What did the father do?
- Did the dancers make food? Yes or No
- What did the mother do?
- What did the bride wear?
- What did the children do while they waited for cake?
- Did the children wear masks? Yes or No
- Did the children play? Yes or No
Production: 15 minutes
Find a different partner. Describe a wedding you saw in the past, real or imagined. Answer any 3 of these questions: Do the practice one at a time for each other. You will have 15 minutes.
- Who came to the wedding?
- What were the elements of the wedding?
- What did the bride and groom wear?
- What food did the guests eat?
- Who did you meet at the wedding?
- Who chanted the blessings?
- What did each person do at the wedding?
Review – 5 minutes: Teacher asks the class these questions:
- OK, what grammar did you learn today?
- How do we use the past simple in English?
- What elements in a Bhutanese wedding are the same in almost all other cultures?
Homework- 5 minutes:
Write a short paragraph about your parent’s wedding. Answer at least three of the questions below. Use at least three of the vocaulary words on our list above. Use past simple at least three times. A few of you will read it out loud to the class next time we meet. Most of you will know all the answers, so you can get a piece of paper and start writing now.
- How did your parents meet?
- Where did your parents get married?
- Who came to your parents’ wedding?
- What, if anything, happened at their wedding that was surprising?
- Who made the food for their wedding?
- What food did they eat at the wedding?
- Did monks chant at their wedding?
- Who made the blessing at the wedding?
- Did the family dance after the ceremony?
Instructions for substitute teacher:
- Use the big screen TV, and connect it to your laptop as you’ve done many times, or just your laptop. Scroll through this file. It will walk you through the content step by step.
- Before class get out materials, realia, and handouts listed above under Materials. They’re ready in my big desk drawer.
- Follow the class plan in order, keeping to the times indicated.
- Be sure to lead the discussion for Warm-up, Presentation, Practice, and Review. For Production and Homework, observe and allow the students to work by themselves, using you only as a resource.
- Have fun!
Bandy, Samuel-Louis et all. The Fundamentals of Teaching English as a Foreign Language.International TEFL Academy. Chapter 1, Pre-Course Grammar Module.
Divine, Betsy Jo. Warm-up Activities – International TEFL Academy. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=imtv1fYzat4&t=152s
Divine, Betsy Jo. Brainstorming Practice Activities. International TEFL Academy. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HR-wM4adnaE&feature=youtu.be
FluentU. How to Make the Best ESL Lesson Plans with a PPP Template. https://www.fluentu.com/blog/educator-english/esl-lesson-plan-template/
Moonasar, Daniel. Present, Practice, Produce. Using PPP Lesson Format to Create Effective Lessons Through Task Based Learning. https://danielmoonasar.files.wordpress.com/2014/11/daniel-moonasar-lesson-planning.pdf
Weller, David. Barefoot TEFL Teacher. How to Set a Context. https://www.barefootteflteacher.com/lesson-planning/how-to-set-a-context/
English Teaching Abroad. ESL English Teaching Tips – Making a Lesson Plan. http://www.jobmonkey.com/teaching/making_lesson_plans/
Walker, Wayne. International TEFL Academy. An Example PPP Lesson Plan – Parts 1-5.